Madison Jane Lyden, 23, veered into traffic about 4:45pm on Friday (local time) when a stopped car suddenly pulled out in front of her, police said.
US network NBC reported a friend and passers-by delivered first aid but she was pronounced dead at the hospital she was taken to.
Felipe D Chairez, 44, has been charged with driving while intoxicated, driving while ability impaired and operating a commercial vehicle with an alcohol reading of 0.04 per cent – 0.06 per cent or less, the New York Police Department (NYPD) confirmed.
Beer cans were found in the garbage truck and he was arrested at the scene, local media reported.
It is understood Ms Lyden was not wearing a helmet.